- Greenville or Garryduff, Co. Offal, Offaly

NMI Burial Excavation Records

County: Offaly Site name: Greenville or Garryduff, Co. Offal

Sites and Monuments Record No.: SMR OF008-065 Licence number:

Author:

Site type: Graves of indeterminate date

ITM: E 619666m, N 682313m

Latitude, Longitude (decimal degrees): 52.891331, -7.707760

In April 1934 a human skull was discovered in a short cist during construction work at Greenville or Garryduff, Ballycumber, Co. Offaly.230 The workmen were in the process of making a fence or ditch around a new cottage plot, reportedly on the lands of Mr Hacket in the townland of Greenville or Garryduff. The discovery was reported to the Gardaí, who reported it to the coroner, Dr Meagher of Ferbane, Co. Offaly. Dr Meagher in turn contacted the National Museum, and also Liam Price. The site was not visited by NMI personnel, but Dr Meagher carried out an inspection of the site and reported to the National Museum. According to reports, a human skull was found in a small, polygonal, cist-like structure partly sealed by a capstone. It lay approximately 0.58m (23in.) below ground level and measured c. 0.45m (18in.) in depth. The grave is described as very well built; the walls were composed of six upright flat slabs, with the flat sides facing inwards, neatly placed in position. Meagher reports that the grave was ‘so regularly built that the measurements would be the same at the bottom as at the top’. The base of the grave was not paved but formed of yellow clay. A sketch of the grave indicates that it measured approximately 0.63m in maximum width. Only part of the grave, on the north side, was covered by a capstone. This is described as almost square and measuring approximately 0.6m by 0.6m by c. 0.07m thick. There is no evidence that the cist contained anything other than a human skull. The area was searched for associated artefacts and other bones, but none were found. It would appear, therefore, that this is a skull burial. The remains (1934:5596) were sent to the NMI but do not appear to have been examined at the time, although Gógan mentions that they were to be sent to Dr McLoughlin.

230. Parish of Kilmanaghan, barony of Kilcoursey. SMR OF008-065——. Exact location not marked.